Diamond – April’s Birthstone
April is honored with Diamond as its one and only birthstone. Not only do they get to celebrate their birth in a month that allows for such beautiful weather, they also get to have their month represented by the most sought after, precious gem known to man, the diamond.
Where is the name from?
The name comes from the Greek word adámas, which means “unbreakable” or “invincible”. This is because diamonds have a unique molecular structure which makes them incredibly hard. Scientists give diamond the highest rating, 10 out of 10, on the Mohs Scale of mineral hardness. They are formed deep within the Earth and reach the surface through violent volcanic eruptions. And it is only diamonds that can shape other diamonds. Hardly surprising it got this name!
Diamond birthstone beliefs
Diamonds are the traditional birthstone for April and also for the star sign of Aries. According to astrology and healing lore, wearing diamonds could have a positive effect on your life and health.
What’s more, these positive effects are thought to multiply when the diamond is your birthstone, or if the diamond aligns with your zodiac sign. The lore says that wearing a diamond can give you strength of character, balance and clarity of mind. It can also benefit your marriage, making it last longer.
During the Middle Ages, people believed in the healing power of diamonds, in particular the pituitary gland and the brain. They were also thought to boost their wearer’s energy when combined with the amethyst.
Some diamonds seem to have lived lives of their own. One legendary stone in the diamond hall of fame is the Koh-i-noor (“Mountain of Light”). The Koh-i-noor diamond’s early history is shrouded in time. It is believed to be 5,000 years old, and was featured in the great Sanskrit epic The Mahabharata. Originally owned by the Rajah of Malwa in India, the Koh-i-noor has since been a player in victories and defeats spanning India, Persia, and Afghanistan. It was in the possession of the great Mogul dynasty from 1526 to 1739. Its owners included Shah Jehan, who built the Taj Mahal in memory of his queen Mumtaz. The Persian invader Nadir Shah briefly possessed it until his assassination in 1747. The jewel then fell into the hands of Afghan rulers who eventually surrendered it to the Rajah of Punjab, Ranjit Singh.
Two years after Ranjit Singh’s death in 1839, Punjab became part of India under British rule. The stone was presented to Queen Victoria, who had it cut from its original 187 carats to 108 carats in an attempt to further enhance its beauty. After her death, the diamond became part of the British crown jewels. Queen Elizabeth (later the Queen Mother) wore it in her crown at her 1937 coronation.
Round cut diamonds are the most sought after gift
Although diamonds come in many shapes, stones with a “round brilliant cut” are the most popular in engagement rings and solitaire gift jewellery. More than three quarters of diamonds sold are round. Why? Because a round diamond has the most facets (sides that reflect light) and therefore give off more sparkle than any other diamond shape.
When you slip on a beautiful diamond ring, it’s hard to imagine the time, expense and sheer work that has gone into producing it. Tons of earth and rock must be shifted, before miners find one diamond.
Often a diamond will have spent several years travelling between continents – being sorted, cut, polished, graded and set into jewellery – before you get to wear it.
For the ideal gift, shop diamond studs here and pick your size: